Ben d'état

Ben Scott


~/Closing Mercurial branches

29 May 2011

I’ve used two methods of closing branches in Mercurial.

Non-destructively closing the branch

The first non-destructively closes the branch just so it doesn’t show up in hg heads. You switch to the bad branch (use either the tag or revision number) then add a commit that closes the branch:

hg up -C badbranch
hg com --close-branch -m "closing this branch"
hg up default

Destroying all unwanted branches

The second destructively closes the branch, which can dramatically reduce the size of the repository’s .hg folder. I did this when I was moving my work repository to BitBucket. It isn’t an easy process and is very time consuming, and make sure you have backups.

Say you’re in C:\projects and the repository you want to clone is in C:\projects\my_repo. You clone the entire repository, but only the heads that you want to keep:

hg clone my_repo my_repo.clone --rev <revision> --rev <another revision> ...

For example, I only wanted to save my default and stable branches, so I used hg clone my_repo my_repo.clone --rev default --rev stable.

Then verify that the differences between the original and the cloned repository are only the branches you wanted to drop:

hg incoming -R my_repo.clone my_repo

If you missed some changesets in the clone step you can pull them over:

hg pull -R my_repo.clone my_repo --rev <missed revision>

You then need to copy over non-tracked files from the original repository, especially .hg\hgrc, as the cloned repository is pointing to the original repository by default.

I had issues getting the trimmed repository over to other copies of the repository. In particular I couldn’t hg pull from the trimmed repository any more. I ended up just copying the entire repository to my different machines and set them up from there.

The Mercurial Wiki has a fine page on pruning branches which is where I found these methods.


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